Inilah Pesawat Karya Anak Bangsa Yang Berakhir di Museum

SM Network – Pesawat turboprop N250 yang sempat menggegerkan dunia karena kecanggihan teknologinya pada zamannya tersebut harus berakhir di museum. Pesawat pertama buatan Indonesia yang merupakan karya Presiden ke-3 RI, BJ Habibie ini bakal dimasukkan sebagai koleksi Museum Pusat TNI AU Dirgantara Mandala (Muspusdirla) Lanud Adisutjipto, Yogyakarta.

“Sejarah baru sedang dijalani N-250 Gatotkaca. Pesawat asli karya putra Indonesia yang pada 1995 sempat menggegerkan dunia karena kecanggihan teknologinya pada zamannya, kini harus menerima kenyataan sebagai penghuni museum,” tulis akun Facebook resmi milik TNI Angkatan Udara, dikutip Suara Merdeka.

Sang Gatotkaca, usai melakukan perjalanan panjang dari Bandung menuju Muspusdirla Yogyakarta. Ya, bukan terbang tetapi melalui jalan darat dari Depohar 10 Lanud Husein Sastranegara Bandung, menuju Muspusdirla Lanud Adisutjipto, Yogyakarta.

“Ada perasaan pilu menyaksikan nasib sang Gatotkaca kini, meskipun demikian, ini kenyataan yang tidak bisa kita tolak,” tulis akun tersebut.

“Selamat jalan Gatotkaca, semoga di tempat baru, kamu dapat lebih menginspirasi generasi sekarang dan mendatang.”

Pesawat buatan anak negeri ini dirancang bangun pada 1987 dengan melibatkan 4.000 sarjana teknik. Hingga pada akhirnya prototipe N250 pertama yang diberi nama Gatotkoco melakukan uji terbang perdananya selama 56 menit tanpa hambatan pada 10 Agustus 1995. Hari itu kemudian ditetapkan sebagai Hari Kebangkitan Teknologi Nasional (Harteknas).

Gatotkoco juga pernah mengikuti acara bergengsi Paris Air Show tahun 1997 dan singgah di negara-negara Timur Tengah, Eropa dan Asia dengan melakukan perjalanan selama 40 hari.

Pesawat N250 memiliki arti, N sebagai Nusantara, angka dua sebagai simbol dua mesin turboprop, dan 50 adalah jumlah nominal penumpang yang dapat diangkut pesawat tersebut. Pesawat itu dapat menangkut 50-70 penumpang. Kecepatan maksimal pesawat mencapai 610 Km/jam dengan kecepatan ekonomis 555 Km/jam dengan kapasitas penumpangnya sebanyak 50 orang.

Kala itu, N250 merupakan pesawat turboprop yang menggunakan teknologi mutakhir, yakni fly by wire system, full glass cockpit with engine instrument and crew alerting system (EICAS), engine control with full autorithy digital engine control (FADEC), dan electrical power system with variable speed constant frequency (VSCF) generator yang biasa dipakai dalam pesawat tempur.

Saat itu teknologi mutakhir baru diterapkan pada B737-500, desain struktur yang efisien dan kokpit yang lebih luas serta terbang lebih cepat dibandingkan dengan saingannya ATR 72 dari Prancis, De Havilland-Q 400 dari Kanada, dan MA60 dari China.


Dananjoyo Kusumo

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